The Canadian Anemone is a gorgeous, spring-blooming herbaceous perennial, native to North America. It’s easily identified by an impressive cluster of upward-facing white flowers. Their bright yellow center sits on stalked, elongated branches, bending a bit too easily in the wind.
Have you seen them? I admire them each morning when I walk my retriever along the Rideau River near Hunt Club Road West.
If there are enough of them, they reseed easily. So, if you’re looking for good coverage, this is the species to go for. Rapidly spreading by underground rhizomes; this plant blossoms into a magnificent array of flowery coverage.
Attractive as they may be, they are also used for medicinal purposes by Native Americans. The root contains anemonin, believed to be a potent antiseptic. Plains tribes would boil the root and apply it to sores, nosebleeds, and wounds. Interestingly, the root was also used to treat eye ailments like twitches and crossed eyes. So, this is certainly not just a pretty flower!
Characteristics & Habitat:
The species produce a mass of compacted seeds and are made up of 5 petal-shaped, 2-inch diameter sepals. The sepals are contrasted by bright yellow stamens in the center. The delicate stems are hairy and stand up to 2 feet tall when upright.
This plant finds its home in moist meadows, streams, prairie depressions, and lakeshores. Even though it thrives best in partial shade, it’s a hardy species that withstands the sun in cool summer climates. It also spreads aggressively in well-drained soil that is medium to wet.
The species was discovered in Canada. It is located throughout its southern parts, spreading from Newfoundland to British Columbia. It is also located in various habitats in the US from Montana to Maine and all the way down to Missouri; isolated populations can also be found in the southwest.
Disease, Pests & Plant Care:
There are a few common diseases and pests that can cause damage to the foliage. Keep a close watch for rust, powdery mildew, downy mildew, and leaf spot. There may also be issues with foliar nematodes feeding within the leaves.
Here’s how to treat the downy mildew and leaf spot: first, remove the damaged leaves then spray away the bacteria with a copper-based fungicide. Similar treatment applies to the rust, although you can treat it with either a copper fungicide or bio fungicide. It’s best to nip the rust problem in the bud, so to speak. If you leave it for too long it leads to orange-like spore masses that spread badly.
In terms of bugs, the plant tends to attract slugs, flea beetles, and caterpillars.
Ontario bans the cosmetic use of pesticides to protect Ontarians from unnecessary risk by only allowing certain, low-risk pesticides for controlling weeds and pests on lawns and gardens. The cosmetic use of pesticides is considered a non-essential use. Pesticides can only be used for cosmetic purposes if the:
· use is permitted under an exception to the ban, or
· active ingredient in the pesticide is included on the Allowable List
Contact an expert if you run into a pest problem.
In general, you need to plan wisely when planting anemones. As stunning as the foliage is, its massive coverage tends to overwhelm, smaller, surrounding plants. The plant is vulnerable to strong winds, which tend to break or bend the flower stalks. It’s best to plant in sun- to part- shade, moist areas.
The stunning flower display and excellent groundcover are good reasons to plant and care for it. This plant deserves all the care your nimble green fingers can give it.